Color isn’t the only distinguishing factor to your skin. Each person has a unique skin type, and knowing which type of skin you have can play an important role in helping you care for it the right way. In fact, certain skin types are prone to specific challenges and problems as you age. The skin care regime that works for your friend or even your sister may not be the best approach for your own skin. Through visual examination and asking some key questions, your dermatologist can accurately determine your skin type.
In most cases, patients are born with unique attributes about their skin. Your skin type can also change through certain stages of your life. When it comes to skin types, we typically categorize skin in terms of how oily, dry or sensitive it is, as this is one of the most important factors in determining what kinds of skin care products, sunscreen and makeup you should be using.
- Normal Skin Type
Normal skin is characterized by little to no imperfections, which means you don’t have any notable sensitivities and your pores are almost invisible. If you have normal skin, you probably won’t battle dry patches or oily areas of skin.
- Oily Skin Type
Hormones are often the culprit to oily skin, which is why teenagers tend to struggle most. Oily skin is commonly associated with large pores, shiny patches of skin and blemishes. If you consistently have oily skin, you are likely to also battle acne flare-ups and must avoid certain moisturizers and skin care products that contain extra oils.
- Dry Skin Type
Dry skin can be equally cumbersome and difficult to manage. You may not be prone to acne breakouts, but dry skin can show the signs of aging faster. In addition to visible fine lines and wrinkles for adults, dry skin also tends to produce noticeable pores, red patches and a dull complexion. It is important for patients with dry skin to avoid the factors that can make their condition worse, such as cold/windy weather, indoor heating, medications and certain ingredients in skin care products. Not surprisingly, daily moisturizing is key when you have dry skin.
- Combination Skin Type
Combination skin can be tricky to care for, as you may have some parts of your skin that are dry while other areas are quite oily. It is common for these patients to display an oily “T-zone” (nose, chin and forehead) while the rest of the face lacks moisture. You may have to be strategic about your skin care products and where you use creams, cleansers and other products on your face.
- Sensitive Skin Type
While sensitive skin can be triggered by hormonal changes or certain prescriptions, most patients are born with their sensitive skin type. This may cause red and/or burning patches of skin when exposed to certain elements or ingredients – especially fragranced skin care products. If you have sensitive skin, it will be critical to use hypoallergenic products, including make-up, facial cleansers, moisturizers and sunscreen.
Not sure which skin type you have? Want to learn the best way to care for the skin you were born with? Call Olansky Dermatology in Atlanta. We have a team of highly qualified skin care specialists who can recommend at-home products as well as in-office skin care treatments to help your normal, dry, oily or sensitive skin look and feel its best. Always remember that just like your fingerprints, your skin is unique to you, which is why every patient needs a customized skin care plan.